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Hacking a X-RAY Machine with WHIDelite & EvilCrowRF



Recently I bought a X-RAY machine from China to have some ghetto-style desktop setup in order to inspect/reverse engineer some PCBs and hardware implants.

The first thing striked my curiosity, even before purchasing it, was its remote. Which were the odds that the little teeny-tiny remote was just using an ASK/OOK modulation with no replay-attack protection whatsoever?! Very high of course.


Nonetheless, I ordered it anyway and used it as an excuse to try again my WHIDelite and the new toy that Joel sent me over (EvilCrowRF).

But first let’s follow a more-systematic approach with HackRF and URH:

  • Frequency is confirmed being set around 315MHz

  • After recording a packet we can confirm that is using an ASK/OOK modulation.

  • After creating a simple substitution decoding, we get exactly the same values that both EvilCrowRF & WHIDelite showed during the initial tests.


☢ This crap is absolutely NOT secure! ☢


Just for the sake of confirmation, I did replay the packet with both HackRF, WHIDelite & EvilCrowRF. In all cases, the forged packet was successfully received and decoded by the unit, which fired X-RAYs like it was a Marie Curie’s party 🎉



Resources:

whid-injector/whid-31337 WHID Elite is a GSM-enabled Open-Source Multi-Purpose Offensive Device that allows a threat actor to remotely inject… github.com

joelsernamoreno/EvilCrow-RF Idea, development and implementation: Joel Serna (@JoelSernaMoreno). PCB design: Ignacio Díaz Álvarez (@Nacon_96) and… github.com

eried/portapack-mayhem ⚠ BEFORE BUYING YOURS: ⚠ Beware of hardware mods that use a custom firmware, which are NOT COMPATIBLE with older forks… github.com


In case of more cool hacking stuff, do follow @whid_ninja on Twitter! 😎


P.S. Disclaimer, if you are planning to buy this model of Dental X-ray Machine… keep in mind that is NOT considered safe in Europe. The Health Protection Agency from UK, even released a report regarding these devices coming from China. Be prepared to use sheets of lead, dosimeters and protective vests.





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